Diabetes is a very common health condition in the general population. It occurs when there is a partial or complete reduction in insulin production to control blood sugar levels. Diabetes has many effects on the body, but one of the most important organs that are susceptible to damage is the eyes.


If left uncontrolled for a period of time diabetes may cause severe eye problems such as.

  • Diabetic Retinopathy — damage to the blood vessels in the retina.
  • Cataracts — clouding of the eye’s lens. Cataracts develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes.
  • Glaucoma — increase in fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision. A person with diabetes is nearly twice as likely to get glaucoma as other adults.


Annual eye examinations are necessary for all diabetic patients to reduce any complications to the eye. This involves dilation to have a detailed look at the retina. It is also advisable to have digital photographs taken of the retina at this time. Good control of diabetes helps reduce eye complications.